Spring thaw can often create conditions that lead to property damage and, more importantly, bodily injury. By law, it is the responsibility of the occupier (whether an owner or a tenant) to ensure that conditions are safe for people using and/or visiting the property. If there is an injury, the occupier must demonstrate that an appropriate standard of care was applied. Given the potential risks and liabilities, it is especially important to understand the hazards of spring thaw and to develop grounds maintenance procedures to minimize or eliminate risks.
By planning ahead and implementing best practices, you can manage risk better, help ensure the safety of your students, parents, teachers, staff and visitors, and protect your school property.
Taking early action is paramount
Property inspection and grounds maintenance is an integral part of an effective Risk Management Program for any educational institution. Spring/summer risk control is especially important as a severe winter followed by a sudden thaw can cause all kinds of potential hazards. Moreover, while your school may not offer summer classes, school grounds and outdoor sports facilities may be used for recreational programs and activities. Your grounds maintenance program should include policies and procedures for carrying out regular general inspections, identifying problem areas, and resolving problems. A written policy should:
- indicate the frequency of inspections (monthly, at a minimum);
- identify the person/s who will perform the inspections;
- include comprehensive inspection checklists; and
- stipulate that all maintenance staff be required to read, understand, and comply with the policy.
Should an incident occur, a completed checklist that is signed and dated will demonstrate that adequate precautions were taken. An inspection program that allows you to identify and repair problems early on can also help reduce maintenance costs over time.
Best practices for spring and summer risk management
To ensure the safe condition of your grounds following a spring thaw, the following are among the primary measures to include on your spring maintenance checklists.
- Remove any accumulated debris around the property such as branches, leaves and garbage.
- Inspect the grounds for depressions, potholes, exposed tree roots, or animal dens as they represent trip and fall hazards. Repair immediately.
- Inspect parking lots for potholes, ruts or lose chunks of asphalt caused by snow ploughing. Gravel parking lots should be levelled with fresh material.
- Inspect all walkways for uneven concrete panels and pavers caused by frost heaving. Make sure that all panels are still flush with one-another. If the difference in height between adjacent panels is ½ inch (13 mm) or more, the panel should be re-levelled or replaced. If the pathway surface appears uneven, it may be necessary to lift the pavers, add more crushed limestone to the bed, re-compact it and reset the pavers. For asphalt walkways, inspect the asphalt for any cracks and depressions that can create trip and fall hazards.
- Make sure that all tree/large bushes are well pruned. Engage a professional contractor to perform heavy pruning and tree removal work to avoid injuries to your maintenance personnel, volunteers, and property.
- Do not allow grass fires, or the burning of trash or yard waste on the property. Grass fires do not contribute to the health of the grounds and these types of “controlled” fires can quickly become uncontrollable.
- Do not let water accumulate anywhere on the property.
- Cordon off hazardous areas and post warning signs.
Playgrounds and outdoor sports fields:
- Inspect the surfaces of playgrounds and sports fields and restore/repair as required.
- Engage a certified playground inspector to conduct a detailed inspection of all playground equipment in accordance with CSA standards (CAN/CSA-Z614 Children’s Playspaces and Equipment). For more information, please refer to Ecclesiastical’s Playground Safety Fact Sheet.
- Ensure that all outdoor recreational equipment is in good condition and efficient working order.
- Rollerblading and/or skateboarding greatly increase the risk of personal injury, even in the best conditions. If surfaces have been damaged due to spring thaw, these risks are exponentially greater. It is best to avoid organizing these activities on your school premises.
Security system maintenance:
- Inspect all exterior lights and signs to ensure that they have not been damaged by snow, snow ploughs, shovelling, etc. Repair and replace as required.
- Inspect surveillance equipment – e.g. closed circuit cameras – for signs of damage. Repair as required.
- Examine all exterior stairs and wheelchair ramps and ensure they are structurally sound and in good condition following the winter. Inspect treads and handrails and repair as required.
- Check interior floors around entry ways for damage from salt or moisture and repair as needed.
- Check window frames for signs of damage.
- Have the roof inspected every two years for signs of any damage or possible leaks. Replace missing shingles immediately to avoid interior damage.
- Clear gutters of any debris. This should be done twice a year to prevent them from backing-up. Avoid the use of ladders. Remove leaves and other loose debris as well as sludge or mud. After all material has been removed, flush out the gutters with a hose. Make sure that drainpipes are clear of obstructions. We recommend that you engage a contractor, especially if your building is more than a single storey high.
- Conduct a visual inspection of the lightning protection system. Make sure that any damage to the rods, tapes or lines is repaired immediately by a licensed lightning protection company.
- Check all outbuildings to make sure they are in good condition.
- Ensure that all tools and machinery are stored securely, for example lawnmowers, trimmers, snow blowers, shovels, etc.
Heating and air-conditioning (HVAC) maintenance:
- Engage a qualified HVAC technician to inspect the air-conditioning system and ensure that it is running safely and efficiently. This should be performed on an annual basis.
- Have exterior oil tanks inspected twice annually by an experienced person. Check for signs of blackening or corrosion and leaking around the oil line, filter and valves. Immediately report any leakage to the fuel supplier, your insurance company and, possibly, to the provincial department responsible for the environment. Rust should be removed with a wire brush and painted over with rust-inhibiting paint.
For more risk control information, please consult an Ecclesiastical Risk Control Specialist in your region or visit ecclesiastical.geekoracle.com